Subjectivism is an unavoidable conclusion of the philosophical inquiry into epistemology. From "Subjectivism and Phenomenology: Is Objective Truth Obtainable?" by Vexen Crabtree (2000):
Our brain is an imperfect organic machine, not a mystical repository of truth. Our senses are imperfect, our point of view limited, and the reality we experience is never the total picture. Human thought is infused with systematic thinking errors. We can logically deduce that any given experience may be untrue, and any particular thought could be a mistake. The result is that our total take on reality is a mix of guesses and patchwork. No two people ever experience the same event or thing in the same way, because the complexities and depths of their errors and assumptions are different for every person: every event is experienced slightly differently. No-one has precisely the same point of view on any event.
Everyone experiences a different reality and there is no way to reconcile the experiences of two different people. Our internal worlds are unverified. No knowledge is absolute. To accept this doubt behind every theory and fact is the scientific way - evidence and logic must back up theories, but theories are never irrefutably proven, they always remain not-yet-disproven. The psychologist William James wrote that many interpretations of reality are arrived at because people find them nicer or better for themselves:
“The obvious outcome of our total experience is that the world can be handled according to many systems of ideas, and is so handled by different men, and will each time give some characteristic kind of profit, for which he cares, to the handler, while at the same time some other kind of profit has to be omitted or postponed.”
The result of all this fog is subjectivism, the realisation that our realities as we experience them are completely tied up with personal experience and personal mental traits. Any attempts to learn "absolute" truths will fail, simply because our Human brains are not equipped to deal with reality in an objective way.”
Solipsism: Latin, only the self.
Philosophical solipsism is an extreme conclusion resulting from the problems of epistemology. It is the belief that only the self is real. Because we only have access to our own thoughts and all our experiences are filtered into our own brains (including experiences of our own bodies and emotions) a valid conclusion can be drawn that everything we think we see is not real, and that our self and our own thoughts are the only things that exist. Solipsism is the extreme subjectivist belief that all reality is inside your own mind. It the resultant philosophy of realizing that you cannot verify that anything you feel, see or experience is real. It could all be fake and misunderstood; it is therefore the belief that everything you see is due to your own fiat.
Solipsism is in accordance with chaos magic and subjectivism. It, however, an unscientific theory in that there are no tests that you can perform to test its truth; it is irrefutable. It is based on reasonable logic - but taken to an extreme that may not be warranted by the evidence.
There are differing interpretations of reality within solipsism:
A reality per person. This is the belief that all beings exist in a completely different reality. That every living person views their subjective universe in such a different way to everyone else that it can be said to be infinitely different and fundamentally separate from other people's realities. This means that all interaction with people is indecipherable, meaningless and infinitely obfuscated. What one person views as an "interaction" could be something completely different from the other person's point of view.
One reality, one self. We cannot verify that any other living being exists except for ourselves. All interactions with other "people" are, just like reality, constructs of our subconscious desires. Our own consciousness is also a part of our subconscious (of course), but our subconscious is also responsible for creating other people, objects, the laws of physics and all of our own experience. All reality is imagination on behalf of the subconscious, but our conscious self (the self we feel to exist in our bodies) is only a part of our subconscious.
It is like stating that all the universe is a single conscious being, and that being is one person, like Pantheism but the perceived universe is believed to be the self.
The Third Satanic Sin:
“3. Solipsism - Can be very dangerous for Satanists. Projecting your reactions, responses and sensibilities onto someone who is probably far less attuned than you are. It is the mistake of expecting people to give you the same consideration, courtesy and respect that you naturally give them. They won't. Instead, Satanists must strive to apply the dictum of "Do unto others as they do unto you". It's work for most of us and requires constant vigilance lest you slip into a comfortable illusion of everyone being like you. As has been said, certain utopias would be ideal in a nation of philosophers, but unfortunately (or perhaps fortunately, from a Machiavellian standpoint) we are far from that point.”
Anton LaVey was not talking about philosophical solipsism as outlined above, but (as his text clarifies) his warning is more akin to a social solipsism, a belief that everyone else is on the same level as you. It is a failure of effective empathy. In the Fifth point of his Pentagonal Revisionism Anton LaVey appears to fully support attempts at realizing a solipsistic existence:
“The opportunity for anyone to live within a total environment of his or her choice, with mandatory adherence to the aesthetic and behavioral standards of same - Privately owned, operated and controlled environments as an alternative to homogenized and polyglot ones. The freedom to insularize oneself within a social milieu of personal well-being. An opportunity to feel, see, and hear that which is most aesthetically pleasing, without interference from those who would pollute or detract from that option.”
Quantum Physics. It is possible our influence (caused by our perception of the world or through very subtle effects of our electric currents, etc) can affect other people's minds and even objects and that perhaps we are doing this subconsciously all the time. However, scientists strongly disagree that this is a correct implication of what is known of quantum physics.
Solipsism - we are all gods.
After pseudo-scientific ideas centering on quantum physics, the second potential explanation for magic uses a solipsistic model of reality. Everything we see is a product of our own subconscious imagination. Our conscious self then interacts with this creation and we therefore experience our world. This truly makes us all gods, each individual being the sole creator of hir own reality. Greater Magic is simply a case of our subconscious altering things about reality according to its wishes, but in contradiction to the normal rules of science that our conscious self has learned about. All we have to do in strive to be more in touch with our subconscious to achieve effective results in magic. In a solipsistic world, Greater Magic is self-control and self-reflection. As reality is your own subconscious in the first place, then your subconscious can change that reality.
Despite my description of it, I do not think that solipsism is true, rather, we do indeed all inhabit the same objective reality even though we see things subjectively. Solipsism is such an extreme conclusion that it warrants extremely good evidence and unfortunately, there is no evidence for it. This isn't to say that we ignore the problems of epistemology, but, that those problems probably have a much more mundane solution. See "Solipsism is Not True" by Vexen Crabtree (2010).
By Vexen Crabtree 2002 Apr 17
(Last Modified: 2010 Oct 18)
Parent page: The Description, Philosophies and Justification of Satanism
(1902) The Varieties of Religious Experience. From the Gifford Lectures delivered at Edinburgh 1901-1902, first Edition printed 1960. Quotes from fifth edition, 1971, Collins. [Book Review]