Solipsism and Greater Magic in LaVeyan Satanism

By Vexen Crabtree 2002

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Solipsism is an extreme form of subjectivism, against which LaVey appears to warn. It also serves as a theoretical model as to how magic could work.

1. An Introduction to Subjectivism

#epistemology #philosophy #solipsism #subjectivism

Subjectivism is an unavoidable conclusion of the philosophical inquiry into epistemology. From "Subjectivism and Phenomenology: Is Objective Truth Obtainable?" by Vexen Crabtree (2017):

Subjectivism is a problem of epistemology (theory of knowledge). The word describes the fact that we can only understand the world through our own senses and our own rational deliberations, in conjunction with our own limited experience in life. Our brains are imperfect organic machines, not a mystical repository of truth. Our senses are imperfect, our point of view limited, and the reality we experience is never the total picture. Our divergent contexts result in each of us interpreting, understanding and perceiving the world differently to one another even when looking at the same stimulus. Human thought is infused with systematic thinking errors. Our knowledge of absolute reality is hampered by our limited insights and imperfect brains, and we can never truly escape from the shackles of our own minds. Our total take on reality is a mix of guesses and patchwork. These problems have been debated by the most ancient philosophers, thousands of years ago, and no practical answers have yet been forthcoming.1.

Everyone experiences a different reality and there is no way to reconcile the experiences of two different people. Our internal worlds are unverified. No knowledge is absolute. To accept this doubt behind every theory and fact is the scientific way - evidence and logic must back up theories, but theories are never irrefutably proven, they always remain not-yet-disproven. The psychologist William James wrote that many interpretations of reality are arrived at because people find them nicer or better for themselves:

Book CoverThe obvious outcome of our total experience is that the world can be handled according to many systems of ideas, and is so handled by different men, and will each time give some characteristic kind of profit, for which he cares, to the handler, while at the same time some other kind of profit has to be omitted or postponed.

"The Varieties of Religious Experience"
William James (1902) [Book Review]2

The result of all this fog is subjectivism, the realisation that our realities as we experience them are completely tied up with personal experience and personal mental traits. Any attempts to learn "absolute" truths will fail, simply because our Human brains are not equipped to deal with reality in an objective way.

"Subjectivism and Phenomenology: Is Objective Truth Obtainable?" by Vexen Crabtree (2017)

2. Philosophical Solipsism

Solipsism: Latin, only the self.

Philosophical solipsism is an extreme conclusion resulting from the problems of epistemology. It is the belief that only the self is real. Because we only have access to our own thoughts and all our experiences are filtered into our own brains (including experiences of our own bodies and emotions) a valid conclusion can be drawn that everything we think we see is not real, and that our self and our own thoughts are the only things that exist. Solipsism is the extreme subjectivist belief that all reality is inside your own mind. It the resultant philosophy of realizing that you cannot verify that anything you feel, see or experience is real. It could all be fake and misunderstood; it is therefore the belief that everything you see is due to your own fiat.

Solipsism is in accordance with chaos magic and subjectivism. It, however, an unscientific theory in that there are no tests that you can perform to test its truth; it is irrefutable. It is based on reasonable logic - but taken to an extreme that may not be warranted by the evidence.

There are differing interpretations of reality within solipsism:

3. LaVey's Third Satanic Sin, and Solipsism

The Third Satanic Sin:

3. Solipsism - Can be very dangerous for Satanists. Projecting your reactions, responses and sensibilities onto someone who is probably far less attuned than you are. It is the mistake of expecting people to give you the same consideration, courtesy and respect that you naturally give them. They won't. Instead, Satanists must strive to apply the dictum of "Do unto others as they do unto you". It's work for most of us and requires constant vigilance lest you slip into a comfortable illusion of everyone being like you. As has been said, certain utopias would be ideal in a nation of philosophers, but unfortunately (or perhaps fortunately, from a Machiavellian standpoint) we are far from that point.

Anton LaVey
The Third Satanic Sin

Anton LaVey was not talking about philosophical solipsism as outlined above, but (as his text clarifies) his warning is more akin to a social solipsism, a belief that everyone else is on the same level as you. It is a failure of effective empathy. In the Fifth point of his Pentagonal Revisionism Anton LaVey appears to fully support attempts at realizing a solipsistic existence:

The opportunity for anyone to live within a total environment of his or her choice, with mandatory adherence to the aesthetic and behavioral standards of same - Privately owned, operated and controlled environments as an alternative to homogenized and polyglot ones. The freedom to insularize oneself within a social milieu of personal well-being. An opportunity to feel, see, and hear that which is most aesthetically pleasing, without interference from those who would pollute or detract from that option.

Anton LaVey
Pentagonal Revisionism

4. Greater Magic

So now I'm going to tie Solipsism in to Greater Magic. There are two principal ways in which people account for the existence of magic:

After pseudo-scientific ideas centering on quantum physics, the second potential explanation for magic uses a solipsistic model of reality. Everything we see is a product of our own subconscious imagination. Our conscious self then interacts with this creation and we therefore experience our world. This truly makes us all gods, each individual being the sole creator of hir own reality. Greater Magic is simply a case of our subconscious altering things about reality according to its wishes, but in contradiction to the normal rules of science that our conscious self has learned about. All we have to do in strive to be more in touch with our subconscious to achieve effective results in magic. In a solipsistic world, Greater Magic is self-control and self-reflection. As reality is your own subconscious in the first place, then your subconscious can change that reality.

5. Being Skeptical of Solipsism

Despite my description of it, I do not think that solipsism is true, rather, we do indeed all inhabit the same objective reality even though we see things subjectively. Solipsism is such an extreme conclusion that it warrants extremely good evidence and unfortunately, there is no evidence for it. This isn't to say that we ignore the problems of epistemology, but, that those problems probably have a much more mundane solution. See "Metaphysical Solipsism is Not True" by Vexen Crabtree (2010).

Current edition: 2002 Apr 17
Last Modified: 2010 Oct 18
Parent page: The Description, Philosophies and Justification of Satanism

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References: (What's this?)

Book Cover

James, William. (1842-1910)
(1902) The Varieties of Religious Experience. Paperback book. Subtitled: "A Study in Human Nature". 5th (1971 fifth edition) edition. Originally published 1960. From the Gifford Lectures delivered at Edinburgh 1901-1902. Quotes also obtained from Amazon digital Kindle 2015 Xist Publishing edition. Book Review.

LaVey, Anton. (1930-1997) Founder of the Church of Satan.
(1969) The Satanic Bible. Paperback book. Published by Avon Books Inc, New York, USA. Anton LaVey founded the Church of Satan in 1966..

Russell, Bertrand. (1872-1970)
(1946) History of Western Philosophy. Paperback book. 2000 edition. Published by Routledge, London, UK.


  1. Russell (1946) p1-10.^
  2. James (1902) p132.^

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